Dr. James Rand has over 30 years of experience in the manufacturing, research, and development of solar energy products. His work spans the entire value chain, from raw materials to system level performance. His recent technical projects focused on testing and evaluation of solar modules for performance and long-term reliability. This work led to the formation of Core Energy Works, which assists its customers in characterization of solar modules in the field. In addition to the testing work, Dr. Rand consults in all areas of photovoltaics (PV) and is presently working with both large and small firms on the next generation of PV materials and products. Dr. Rand is an adjunct professor at both the University of Delaware and Villanova University, lecturing on solar cell materials, device processing, and system performance.